Vietnam Traditional sculpture in Ly Dynasty 1009 to 1225

     Dai Viet became an independent, powerful state after Ly Cong Uan came to the throne and moved the nation's capital from Hoa Lu to Thang long (present-day Ha Noi). Buddhism became the national religion, and it gradually became a part of everyday life. Buddhism centres formed in Quang Ninh, Ha Nam, Nam Dinh, and especially in Bac Ninh Province.


     The native area of the Ly Dynasty was built in the traditional architectural style of Southeast Asia. During this time, pagodas were generally built in grades, with high towers and statues of Buddha at the centre. The statue of Amida Buddha in the Phat Tich Pagoda (built in 1057) was one of the first works of Buddhism sculpture in the North. A monument found at the Dam Pagoda (built in 1086) is derived from the Cham symbols of Linga and Yoni. At 5.4m high, this is an imposing work.