Vietnam Traditional sculpture in Le Dynasty 1427 to 1527

     For 100 years from the beginning of the Le Dynasty, Buddhism gradually integrated into all the villages and hamlets, and Confucianism began to play an important role in royal matters and in the agricultural economy. Relations between farmers and landlords flourished, However, aside from the three impressive stone statues erected at the Ngoc Kham Pagoda (Bac Ninh Province) at the beginning of the Le Dynasty, the image of the Buddhist sculpture faded out.

                                     

     Instead, Buddhist sculptures were replaced by magnificent works on the mausoleums and tombs of the Le emperors’ im Lam Son (Thanh Hoa Province). Following the style of Emperor Le Thai To's Mausoleum, built in 1433, eight mausoleums for kings and two for queens were built. They had square surfaces with a path in the middle for the gods to run through. Along the sides, there were two rows of statues of mandarins, Unicom’s, horses and tigers.

     After 20 years of war with the Chinese Minh Dynasty (1407 – 1427), the country was devastated. Numerous products were stolen, temples and pagodas were destroyed, and skilled workers were captured and transferred to China. Emperor Le employed farmers from neighboring villages to carve statues and to build mausoleums. As a result, the new monarchy saw the production of relatively poor quality sculptures.