Vietnam Traditional sculpture in Cham Sculptures

The association between the two Cham clans of Cau and Due led to the establishment of a feudal state, which was heavily influenced by Hinduism. The royal kingdom of Champa took shape in what is now South Viet Nam. This ancient country was dispersed along the coastline.


     Archaeologists believe the kingdom began to devlop during the second century, but it was only during the 7th and 8th centuries that the presently-found forms of Cham architecture and sculpture were created; this time period is closely linked to movements of Buddhism and Hinduism.


     The Chams possessed astounding creative ability and produced magnificent works of art and architecture. The most magnificent remains of the Cham civilization can be found in Amaravati (Quang Nam Province), Vijaya (Binh Dinh Province), Kanthara (Nha Trang) and Paduranaga (Phan Rang). Sculptures were harmoniously laid together in architectural complexes, which were based on the distinct functions of particular towers.

     The development of Cham sculpture is divided into six main periods:

-         My Son E1 (the 7th and 8th century)

-         Hoa Lai (first half of the 9th and first half of the 10th century)

-         My Son A1 (the 10th century)

-         Binh Dinh and Late (the 12th and 13th centuries).

     In 1470, Emperor Le Thanh Tong conquered the South and was followed by Vietnamese immigrants who were encourager by the Nguyen lords to move. Since that time, the art of the Chams remains as a tribute to the outstanding heritage of their splendid past.