Hanoi Tourist attractions

The ancient name of Ha Noi, Thang Long, means ascending dragon. In fact cultural and historical remains of the city bear the mark of a rich past and many heroic legends. Exploring the city, the visitor will be able to get a better understanding of the country and its inhabitants.

Historic Vestiges

Ha Noi Citadel                                               

The magnificent, imposing Ha Noi Citadel has stood the test of time over 8 centuries in the land of Thang Long (present-day Ha Noi). In the Ly Dynasty (1009-1225), the Thang Long (Ha Noi) Citadel was built as replacement for Dai La Citadel. During the dynasties of the Tran (1225-1400) and the Le (1428-1788), the Thang Long Citadel underwent some repairs. Under the Nguyen Dynasty, Phu Xuan (Hue) was made the capital of the country and the Ha Noi Citadel only served as the seat of the General Governor of the North. Therefore, its size was reduced.

The ancient Ha Noi Citadel had three encircling walls. Within the inner wall was Tu Cam Thanh (the Purple Forbidden Citadel) where the King and his family lived. This Citadel had been called differently through various dynasties: Cung Thanh in the Ly Dynasty, Long Phuong in the Tran, and Cam Thanh (the Forbidden Citadel) in the Le. Doan Mon functioned as the only gate connecting the Purple Forbidden Citadel with Hoang Thanh (the Royal Citadel).

The Royal Citadel lied inside the middle wall where royal audiences were held. It also housed offices and residences of mandarins. Time has taken is tolls to many gates linking the Royal Citadel with Kinh Thanh (the outmost wall); only Bac Mon (the Northern Gate) in present-day Phan Dinh Phung Street has survived.

Common people inhabited the earthen outmost wall, Kinh Thanh. Kinh Thanh used to have many opened gates. During the Le Dynasty, 16 gates were recorded, but by the Nguyen Dynasty, only 12 of them had survived. Of the five gates remaining until the early 20th century (Cho Dua, Dong Mac, Cau Den, Cau Giay and Quan Chuong), only Quan Chuong gate has been preserved to date. The remaining four gates now live in the memory of Hanoians. The vestiges of the ancient earthen wall can be seen at Dai La, Hoang Hoa Tham, and La Thanh roads.

In preparation for the great events to take place in Thang Long – Ha Noi, much has been done to restore the Thang Long (Ha Noi) Citadel.



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