Architecture of Vietnam

Before the 10th century

     Vietnamese architecture originated during the Hung Dynasty. According to several tales of Linh Nam, villages and hamlets first appeared during this period when the ancient Vietnamese used wood to build houses to protect themselves from tigers and wolves. Two kinds of houses were depicted on the bronze drums from this era. One kind of house was in the shape of a boat, and the other was in a shape of a turtle shell.


     Due to the dense lakes, swamps, rivers, and highly humid tropical climate, it was most appropriate to use bamboo and wood as building materials and to build houses on low stilts. At the end of the 19th century, still houses still remained in the mountainous areas, midlands, and plains throughout the country.

     During the Thuc Phan Dynasty in the 3rd century B.C, Co Loa Citadel was built out of clay, which was suitable for the rugged terrain of the area. The architecture during the Chinese sovereignty, from 2nd century B.C to 9th century, consisted of various structures such as ramparts, royal tombs, citadels, folk-houses, and pagodas.

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