Architecture of Vietnam inTran Dynasty

     The dominant models of the architectural style of the Tran Dynasty were the royal palace, pagoda, house, temple, and citadel. These styles are illustrated in the Binh Son Tower in Vinh Phuc, the Pho Minh Pagoda in Nam Dinh, and the Thai Lac Pagoda in Hung Yen.


     The complexity and structure of the Pho Minh Pagoda is an outstanding example of the architectural style of the Tran Dynasty period and of the following centuries. The Pho Minh Pagoda was designed in three main sections, including the lobby, main hall, and sanctuary. The inside yard, or interior garden, played an important role in the traditional architectural style and reflected the concept of oriental space. The contemporary royal palaces were designed with upper floors and systems of consecutive corridors in an open-air space, which was very convenient for living in a warm climate. Despite rapid development, the most common construction materials were still bamboo and wood.


     Even though the Ho Dynasty lasted for only seven years, an outstanding architectural heritage remains from this period, including the splendid doors of the Tay Do Citadel in Thanh Hoa.

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